Breast Cancer Detection and Treatment
What is Breast Cancer? What are the Signs, Tests, and Treatments?
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women, and it is also the second most common cause of death. It can affect both men and women of any age, race, or ethnic group, though it is more common among women.
There are different types of breast cancer, which are categorized by how they behave and grow. Some types are more aggressive than others, but all types are dangerous if not caught early. If you notice any changes in your body such as lumps or discharge from your nipples, see your doctor.
Here Are 3 Recommendations To Follow
First Recommendation: Know About the Signs of Breast Cancer and its Treatment
The following are some signs and symptoms that may indicate breast cancer:
- A lump or mass in the breast or armpit.
- Nipple discharge that does not look like normal breast milk.
- Changes in the size or shape of one or both breasts,
- Swelling of the breasts, armpits, or abdomen.
- Pain in one area of the breast with no clear cause, (for example, pain felt when wearing a bra).
- A change in skin texture on one part of a breast, (for example, puckering).
Second Recommendation: Know the Test for Detecting Breast Cancer
It is important to know the process for detecting breast cancer because it can help identify the disease early, and thus improve the chances of survival.
The most commonly used test for detecting breast cancer is mammography. Mammography uses low-energy x-rays to create images of the breasts. These images are then examined by a radiologist who can detect any abnormalities in the breast tissue.
Mammograms are usually done every year or two, but they can be done more often if a person has a family history of breast cancer or other risk factors.
Third Recommendation: Treatments for Breast Cancer
Treatments depends on the location and stage of the tumor, as well as whether it is hormone receptor-positive or negative. Breast cancer can spread to nearby organs or lymph nodes and can vary depending on the type of cancer cells, the size of the tumor, and how far the cancer has spread.
The most common treatment for women with breast cancer is surgery. Another type of treatment for women with breast cancer is radiation therapy. This includes either external radiation therapy or internal radiation therapy. External radiation therapy is when doctors use high-energy rays to kill cancer cells in other parts of the body, while internal radiation therapy is when doctors send high-energy rays directly into the body near where they think any remaining cancer cells might be hiding.
What Causes Breast Cancer?
Breast Cancer is usually caused by genetic changes in breast cells, which can be passed on from one generation to the next. These changes can be caused by mutations in genes like BRCA1 and BRCA2, which are related to DNA repair. Mutations in these genes may increase a woman’s risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer.
Typical Breast Cancer Diagnosis
Breast Cancer Diagnosis Can Be Overwhelming
Breast cancer is usually detected through a mammogram or ultrasound screening. A biopsy may also be done if the mammogram and ultrasound are inconclusive or if there are any other symptoms, such as a lump in the breast or nipple discharge.
A mammogram is an x-ray of the breast that helps doctors look for changes in the breast tissue and to find out whether you have breast cancer. An ultrasound uses sound waves to create an image of your breasts so that doctors can look for lumps, cysts, and other problems.
Conclusion: The Importance of Early Detection & Why You Shouldn't Wait
Early detection is important for many reasons: it can save lives, help people lead healthier lifestyles, and reduce the risk of death from cancer.
If you have a family history of cancer or if you are over 50 years old, ask your doctor about screening tests. Screening tests can help detect cancer before any symptoms show up. If you are diagnosed with cancer early, the odds of successful treatment are much higher than if you wait until symptoms appear or the cancer has spread to other parts of your body.